Non Power Boating

California boating laws require recreational human powered vessels (canoes, kayaks, stand-up paddleboards and rafts) to carry the safety equipment listed on this fact sheet. Before you set out on the water always make sure this required safety equipment is ready and in working order.

The U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary and the U.S. Power Squadrons offer complimentary vessel safety checks including a check for required equipment. For more information about safety equipment and vessel safety checks, please order a free copy of the ABCs of California Boating.


Life Jackets: 
All human-powered vessels, regardless of length, must carry a U.S. Coast Guard-approved life jacket in serviceable condition and of a type and size appropriate for the intended wearer, the conditions and the boating activity. The life jackets must be within easy reach for each person on board.

Under California state law, every child under 13 years of age must wear a U.S. Coast Guard-approved life jacket while the boat is underway.

Navigation Lights:
All vessels are required to display navigation lights between sunset and sunrise and during times of restricted visibility. A navigation light may be one of the following:

  • An electric flashlight or other bright light.
  • Lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision.
  • Tricolored lantern (should not be used with all-round green and red lights)
  • All-Round green and red lights. (should not be used with tricolored lantern)

Sound Signaling Devices:
A whistle, bell or other means of making an efficient sound signal.

Visual Distress Signals (Coastal Waters Only):
One or more of the following devices suitable for night are required between sunset and sunrise:

  • Hand-held red flare, distress signals
  • Pistol projected parachute red flare distress signals
  • Hand-held rocket-propelled parachute red
  • Distress signal for boats, red aerial pyrotechnic flare
  • Electric distress light for boat

California State Parks Division of Boating and Waterways recommends that all boaters take a boating safety course. Visit www.BoatCalifornia.com for courses in your area.

Safety Equipment (ca.gov)

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